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    The Meaning of Mudcloth

    Even without meanings being well known, mudcloth has become tremendously popular lately in the western world.  An extraordinarily beautiful fabric; the unique and exotic colors and designs combine with a hand-spun, hand-woven fabric to produce a rich and elegant textile. Each piece of mud cloth has a story to tell! The symbols, the arrangement, color and shape, all reveal different secrets.

    - See more Authentic African Fabric here

    Knowing more of the meaning and mindset behind mudcloth can only add to your satisfaction and depth of spirit. 

    Social statues, characters and occupation, these are all things which a piece of mudcloth communicates.

    Even now African people are very careful about what they wear, as each fabric, color and dress is interpreted by others. What you wear shows what kind of person you are!

    Here we'll talk about the meaning, the making, the colors, and the patterns of the mudcloth.


    Here we show just a few of the many symbols you'll find in a piece of mudcloth. There are many symbols not shown here which you may find in your mud cloth. Patterns and varieties are endless. Also, many meanings differ depending on the region, ethnic group, or individual. SO do not be surprised if someone tells you a meaning different then you see here!

    Mudcloth Meanings:

    Mudcloth Items:

    Wealth and Luxury

    Supposed to represent the cushions of rich women from the Mauritania area.  Suchwomen are so wealthy: they don’t have to work. Just rest their heads on pillows such as these!

    Beds of Bamboo and Millet

    It is said that this pattern is used by a woman who wishes to show her superiority to a Co-wife.  However, the pattern is extremely popular and so it is not always assumed that a woman wearing it is making this assumption.


    Farmers Sickle


    This pattern has a unique story. A farmer had a sickle he particularly liked. It worked well for him and he thought it deserved its own pattern.  So this pattern is named for the back of the sickle.



    This design represents the spindle.  A very old and traditional design.


    Calabash Flowers

    The name says it all, a popular pattern that shows prosperity from the calabash flowers.


    Brave and Fearless

    This pattern represents a belt used by warriors before they went off to battle. This pattern therefore signifies being brave and fearless.


    Iguana's Elbow

    A very common pattern as Iguana's are very common in many parts of Africa and represent good fortune. An Iguana can lead a hunter to water and is also symbolic of African people in warfare with foreign powers.




    Show luxurious style 
    with this mudcloth dress!

    Each piece is unique. 
    All styles vary.



    Mudcloth Dashiki


    Grand Bubu Mudcloth Robe


    Full-Length Mudcloth Coat

    The Making of Mudcloth

    To see African artisans click here!

    The making of mudcloth is a time-consuming process, normally taking four days to a week to complete depending on weather.  Each piece is made of 100% cotton, and is completely and totally hand-made.  

    The men start the process by weaving cotton thread on a loom.  The loom is normally hand-held and makes a  strip of cloth 5"-6" wide.  After they weave around 9 panels they sew them together and then traditionally the women paint and design the cloth.

    A mudcloth artist deals in a specific field. Each concept is taught and learned over a long period of time.  A person wishing to work in the art of mudcloth has to be taught how to make each of the different dyes out of organic substances, as well as how each of the substances will react with the fabric and fixatives.  

    The first step in making the cloth is to set it in a fixative solution made from tea. The mud designs are then hand-painted and the tea  sets into the fabric. Mud used to make mudcloth is usually mixed with water and set aside for about a year.  

    Using twigs or metal instruments the artist paints the designs with the mud,  saturating the area so it will not  wash out. After being washed the process is repeated and then dried and put in another solution to make patterns stand out more. On black and white fabric, a soda is painted on the areas with no patterns causing then to be white. 

    The Colors of Mudcloth

    Each color has meaning. The most traditional coloring has been the black background with white designs. This is typically used for story telling or the portrayal of a proverb.

    To read African proverbs click here.

    Another color popular among hunters and the Fulani people is the rust.  This color is appreciated because doesn't show dirt and represents strong supernatural powers that protect the hunter.  The rust color signifies blood either from the hunt, or from warfare.  Because mudcloth is made from the soils, it has been useful to both groups as a form of camouflage.

    White mudcloth is perhaps the most difficult fabric, and it's easy to stain with the dye. White is a color normally worn by women or girls at ceremonial events.  Another rare color is gray which ia also worn by hunters. Cream is a natural color of the mudcloth before it has been dyed.

    Recently many colors have been added to the traditional colors. Bright reds, purples, yellows, and oranges are constantly being developed by new artists. Many people view these with disdain as they are not traditional.

    Patterns of Mudcloth

    It is difficult to find the precise meaning as different people have different meanings that they will give to the same pattern or color combination.  It is important to find information from as many different sources as possible to avoid individual biases.

    Mudcloth is often meant to be interpreted, and in starting this project there was only a small amount of written information. I am consistently asked to interpret the meanings behind some of these designs; and am enriched by watching people become excited by the stories behind their own fabric!


    To purchase mudcloth and other fabric click here.


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